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Historical Trauma in California

Trauma histórico en California




This training was presented on
February 9, 2024





Training certificates are only available following live trainings or completion of self-paced courses. A certificate will not be provided for review of these materials.



This webinar will be presented in English with Spanish interpretation. This presentation will highlight the state of California and outline how unresolved historical trauma has impacted all aspects of life and directly shapes today’s socio-political landscape and Californians’ overall well-being. Participants will make connections between America’s history and the current mental health crisis, social determinants of health, and the disparities and inequities present in California communities today. Discussions will include the treatment of Indigenous Americans, African Americans, Asian/Pacific Islander and Latino Americans, immigration, racial discrimination, mass incarceration, and labor exploitation.


Este seminario virtual se presentará en inglés con interpretación al español. Esta presentación destacará al estado de California y describirá cómo el trauma histórico no resuelto ha repercutido en todos los aspectos de la vida y cómo configura directamente el aspecto sociopolítico actual y el bienestar general de los californianos. Los participantes establecerán conexiones entre la historia de Estados Unidos y la actual crisis de salud mental, los determinantes sociales de la salud y las disparidades y desigualdades presentes en las comunidades de California en la actualidad. Se hablará del trato que reciben los indígenas estadounidenses, los afroamericanos, los asiáticos/isleños del Pacífico y los latinos, la inmigración, la discriminación racial, el encarcelamiento masivo y la explotación laboral.


Learners will:

  • Define key terms, including intergenerational, historical, and collective trauma.
  • Examine trauma using the socioeconomic model
  • Identify the mechanisms of historical and intergenerational trauma
  • Outline the impact of institutional racism in California 
  • Outline the impact of structural barriers to health in California


Objetivos del aprendizaje:

  • Definir términos clave, incluyendo trauma intergeneracional, histórico y colectivo.
  • Examinar el trauma utilizando el modelo socioeconómico
  • Identificar los mecanismos del trauma histórico e intergeneracional
  • Describir el impacto del racismo institucional en California 
  • Resumir el impacto de las barreras estructurales de la salud en California


Who should attend: All staff of family resource centers (FRCs), Child Abuse Prevention Councils (CAPCs), community-based organizations, and other child- and family-serving systems.



  • This is an interactive training. Please be prepared to participate in activities such as group discussion, break out rooms, and/or demonstration. Your training experience will be best with the use of a web cam, audio, and a training environment conducive to active participation.
  • This training will be recorded. The recording will be available to registered learners within 2 days of the training.
  • By registering for a CalTrin training, you consent to be added to the CalTrin mailing list.



Ingrid Cockhren, M.Ed is a child sexual abuse survivor and knows first-hand how impactful trauma and toxic stress can be for children and families. Mrs. Cockhren has dedicated her professional life to investigating and educating the public about the link between early trauma, early adversity, Adverse Childhood experiences (ACEs), and possible negative outcomes across the lifespan.    

Mrs. Cockhren graduated from Tennessee State University with a B.S. in Psychology and Vanderbilt University’s Peabody College with a M.Ed. in Child Studies. Her research areas are African American parenting styles, adverse childhood experiences, historical trauma/intergenerational transmission, collective trauma, brain development, developmental psychology, and epigenetics. 

Mrs. Cockhren’s experience includes juvenile justice, family counseling, early childhood education, professional development, consulting, and community education. She is currently an adjunct professor specializing in Black psychology, developmental psychology, abnormal psychology & and personality theory at Tennessee State University. She is also the CEO of PACEs Connection, a social network dedicated to raising awareness of adverse childhood experiences. In addition, Cockhren is an advisor on the Vanderbilt Institute for Clinical and Translational Research’s Community Engaged Research Core Advisory Council and Pathways to Resilience Expert Advisory Committee. Ingrid Cockhren is an active volunteer and change agent in her home of Nashville, TN, serving in leadership roles for various community-based organizations.




CEO, PACEs Connection